Zhibin Gu: globalization map: China, India, and next stage world politics, finance, leadership and competition
Asia srtuy forum | 11.20.2009
Which nation is to lead the world beyond global financial crisis, China, US, India, or Europe? What political and economic factors are crucial to enter the next stage world development and growth?
provocative views of Zhibin Gu of China:
China’s Global Reach
Borderless Business, National Competition, Politics, and Globalization (book excerpts)
by George Zhibin Gu
China, United States and Global Development
by Andre Gunder Frank
Globalization in Light of History
(1). For ages, East and West have moved on independent orbits. The divergence widened even more when Europe expanded globally starting some 600 years ago. Outward expansion and exploitation was the passion of the day. Along the way, the Industrial Revolution took place. This has offered vast advantages to the West, which quickly altered global map in all sorts of ways. The vast advantages in the traditional farming societies like China and India were gone. Consequently, China and India, among other developing nations, tried hard to close their doors as a way to fend off the Western expansionist power.
(2). But as time went by, the waves of industrialization and development reached Asia. It started with the smaller Asian nations and regions like Singapore, South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, and Malaysia. Among them, Japan’s influence was the biggest. This group of new players altered the global economic map significantly. However, Japan’s retreat since 1991 has opened doors wide for Western Inc. to tap into Asia in big ways.
(3). Today, one most significant change is happening with China and India. Their full embracing of globalization is bound to create vast effects. Though both nations started this new growth at an extremely low level, their speed and scale is unprecedented. Also unprecedented are the new opportunities rising from these frontier markets.
(4). Like never before, all developing nations are in a hurry in participating in the world development as now. The sudden surge of so many late developers has created vast new opportunities for the world. Now wealth creation is truly a global affair. No nation can truly refuse to take a part in this new movement without producing a mess for itself. More significantly, the entire world is moving toward the same development orbit for the very first time in man’s history.
At the same time, sharing and collaboration as well as competition and learning have rapidly become a new norm for global life. This trend will only strengthen as benefits go to all participating parties. Hence, the world enters a new era, the era of great emergence of global civilizations. Though still at the very beginning, its development can hardly be reversed despite all the worries and conflicts.
(5). But challenges are plentiful as well. The old world order is centered on the developed West, which can no longer fare well with the changing realities. Hence, there is an urgent need to create a new mindset. But reaching the stage is easier said than done; and
(6). For China’s sustained growth, there is an urgent need to walk out the old bureaucratic framework. China’s new socioeconomic forces as well its ever-increasing openness promote fundamental changes. At this time, opportunities and challenges are equally great.
Three New Lessons
Growing Up in China
This Small Book
The Big Picture
Part I China as a New Global Theater
1. Ambitions of Foreign Multinationals in China
Today’s Versions of Columbus and Magellan
Why Are They Here?
One Big Factory-Market
More Sectors, More Players
2. The Business of China Is Business!
“Empty Talk Destroys Prosperity!”
Spouses and Children
3. Creation of a Global Manufacturing Center
Arrival of Indian Companies
A Crowded Market
Galanz: the Manufacturer of the World
4. The Ultimate Driving Force: Explosive Consumption
Continued Consumption Surge
5. Sharp Rise of Private Sector
One U.S. Banker’s Discovery
40 Million New Businesspeople
Rural and Urban Entrepreneurs
Buttons Create a New Industrial Town
Jinjiang, Fujian: Biggest Exporting Center for Sport Shoes
6. All Players Are Important
Competing International Players
Part II Global Interactions, Business Dealings, and Job Transfers
7. Learning - A Big Industry
Demand for Education
A Top School
8. The Officials’ Global Reach
Officials Lead the Way
Guangdong versus Inland
Abolishing Bureaucratic Tricks
New York versus Beijing
9. “Capital Is Not Enough”
Two Lessons to Remember
Volkswagen versus Beijing Jeep
“Capital Is Not Enough”
Ericsson’s Seven Mistakes
10. Global Job Transfers
One International Question
Hiring by Foreign Multinationals
New Era of Global Job Transfers
Job Worries around the World
Hiring by Chinese Players
Global Job Transfers: China versus India
Part III China’s New International Experiences
11. Price, Price, Price
A Chinese Edge
GE in China
Japan’s Global Efforts
Cisco versus Huawei
Microsoft in China
Global Price Reductions
12. When Can Chinese Companies Become Global?
Weakness at Home
Low Benefits for China
State Banks: “The Troublemakers”
A Long Way to Go
13. Chinese Multinationals
Some Sizable Chinese Companies
Buying Into International Markets
Creating More Partnerships
14. Bringing Foreigners In
Part IV China’s Reform at Home: The Unfinished Task
15. Problems Outpacing Solutions
The Ownership Issue
State Assets and Death on the Nile
“Two Pockets of the Same Jacket”
Lack of Weapons and True Owners
16. How Can a Man Still Wear Baby Clothes?
Credit Crisis and Banking Problems
The Richest Man in Shanghai
17. Crises of State Sector
Rapid Changes in the Managerial Class
Hiring Foreign Managers
Long Live Competition!
18. When Can China Achieve Meaningful Restructuring?
A Saturated Market
Difficulties for a Rational Order
The CEO in China and Elsewhere
Who Is Responsible for Wealth Creation?
Buying Parties Ready?
Need for Greater Determination
19. Employment Traps
Lives of the Migrants
Employment Difficulties for Other Groups
Death of a College Graduate
20. Bureaucratic Tails
Lucky International Players
“The Red Building”
Part V Globalization in Light of History
21. An Unbroken Circle?
The British Isles as a Global Center
China’s Missed Opportunities
The U.S. Way: Dumping Losers
Expansion and Wealth Creation, Past and Present
22. Universal Companies and Global Expansion
Bigger and Bigger Multinationals
First Strategy: A Strong Home Base
Second Strategy: Creating a New Form of Dominance
Third Strategy: A True Global Reach
China’s Participation in the World Economy
23. More on the Circle
Who Has Affected Globalization the Most?
First Factor: Japan’s Global Reach and Retreat
What Is Going On in Tokyo?
South Korea: Glories and Bubbles
Second Factor: Asia’s Financial Crisis
Third Factor: The World Trade Organization
Global Development Orbit
24. How Does China Achieve Sustained Growth?
A Great Paradox
Effective Government, Different Role
The Big Picture
A New Model
Getting Out of the Box
A New World Order
Afterword: China, United States and Global Development
by Andre Gunder Frank
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
George Zhibin Gu is a journalist/consultant based in Guangdong, China. A native of Xian, he obtained education at Nanjing University in China and Vanderbilt University and the University of Michigan in the United States. He holds two MS degrees and a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan.
For the past two decades, he has been an investment banker and business consultant with a focus on China. His work focuses on helping international businesses to invest in China and the Chinese companies to expand overseas. He has worked for Prudential Securities, Lazard, and State Street Bank, among others. He generally covers mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, venture capital, business expansion, and restructuring.
Also, he is a journalist focusing on China in relation to global development. His articles or columns have appeared in Asia Times, Beijing Review, The Seoul Times, Financial Sense, Gurus Online, Money Week, Online Opinion, Asia Venture Capital Journal, and Sinomania, among others.
He is the author of three additional books, China Beyond Deng: Reforms in the PRC (McFarland, 1991),
China and New World Order: How Entrepreneurship, Globalization, and Borderless Business Reshape China and World (Fultus, 2006), and Made in China: Players and Challengers in the 21st Century (English edition forthcoming; Portuguese edition, Centro Atlantico, 2005). He is a member of World Association of International Studies hosted by Stanford University.